Liverpool

Introduction

When Gerry Marsden sang the words "You’ll Never Walk Alone" in 1963, little did he know that for the next 40 and more years, thousands of Liverpool football club fans would be using his song as their anthem and making Liverpool one of the most well-loved and biggest football clubs in the world. At Anfield, and on the famous Kop-end of the ground, the red flags and spread-eagled scarves have become a hallmark of the British game. Not many football fans can prevent the hairs on the back of their neck from standing to attention when they hear You’ll Never Walk Alone sung around the ground.

Liverpool have won more silverware than any English club. They dominated the English and the European game in the 1980s and have won the top-flight league more times than any other club. Over the years the team-sheet has always prided itself with a strong Scouse contingent, but more recently they have looked to the cream of European talent.

Unlike their rivals in red, Manchester United, it seems everyone has a soft spot for Liverpool. Even the fans of their closest competitors Everton sit alongside their opposition in the stands at Anfield when the famous Merseyside derby is played.

Liverpool play with a perfect balance of determination and flair: a pass-and-move style. The club has a huge love for the game that is never more obvious than when looking at the fans.

When one became two

Although you’d never think it now, Liverpool were once Everton. In 1892, in the thriving and busy docklands of Liverpool, Everton were forced to vacate a site on Anfield Road due a dispute over the tenancy. The chairman of the club, John Houlding, wanted to stay where he was though, so on 15th March 1892 he and three of the first team players stayed at Anfield, along with a few supporters, and formed a new club called Liverpool FC.

John McKenna was appointed as the club director, which meant he called the shots from week to week. The newly named Liverpool FC received the best start possible and in their first home match they beat Rotherham 7-1. The Scottish McKenna brought in a number of young Scots to fill-out the new team and within their first season, Liverpool didn’t lose a single game and were rightly rewarded for such with promotion to the First Division.

A couple of years of yo yo-ing from the First to the Second Division followed, as Liverpool tried to find their feet and embed themselves in the ever-expanding English game. Finally, at the dawn of a new century, they won their first top-flight championship in the 1900/01 season. It would become the first of many for the Reds.

Before Bill Shankly

It would be unfair to disregard Liverpool’s history before Bill Shankly but many could argue that this was the milestone that marked the moment at which the club went from being big to gigantic. In the period before the war, Liverpool were always in the top section of the First Division but lacked any silverware to prove their worth. Although they won the First Division in 1906 and played in their first FA Cup Final in 1914, these occasions were quite few and far between.

Under legendary club captain and England defender, Ephraim Longworth, Liverpool won the League title back-to-back in 1922 and then again in 1923. However, during the 1930s Arsenal dominated and Liverpool would have to wait until just after the war before they boomed, along with the babies.

Things needed to change at Anfield and this was never more evident than when they were relegated to the Second Division in 1954. That change came in a man who arrived in December 1959: a man who would transform Liverpool into the biggest club in Europe.

Frankly Mr Shankly

Bill Shankly arrived at Liverpool from Huddersfield Town and would go on to reshape the entire ethos behind the struggling team. When he joined he was less than impressed with the routine of the players, the meagre facilities and the overall lack of professionalism at the club. He gathered his officers (Joe Fagan, Rueben Bennett and Bob Paisley) and set about installing strict training programs that would make the team’s game much simpler and more direct. The players would train to a regimented routine that would eventually lead to them remaining injury free for dozen of matches on the trot. They’d eat, shower and travel together and it was here that Liverpool’s ‘pass and move’ style was born.

Shankly released twenty-four players and brought in the likes of Ron Yeats, Ian St John and Gordon Milne. His new style of leadership started to pay off and, in his third season in charge, Liverpool won the 1962 Second Division and went to join the big boys again in the First Division. Beating their rivals Everton was top priority and in 1964 they did just that. They took the title from the Toffees as easily as stealing candy from a baby. Shankly then looked beyond England and into Europe. However, losing to Inter Milan in 1966 meant they would have to be more patient with their hopes of conquering on the continent.

Shankly was a staunch socialist and he pushed for the same work ethic in his players. In the same way one would act down the mines or on the docks, if a team member needed backing up on the pitch he would get it from another. Shankly loved the fans as much as the players and was famous for replying to numerous supporters’ letters everyday and handing out countless free tickets to them.

During the 1970s, Shankly drafted in a fresh crop of lads, consisting of Steve Highway, Ray Clemance and the young Kevin Keegan. His confidence with his new team was sky-high and he was famous for making jibes about other clubs like Man United and Arsenal. 1973 perhaps goes down as Shankly’s most triumphant year though. He took Liverpool to the First Division title and their first piece of European silverware, when they beat Borussia Monchengladbach in the UEFA Cup Final, but following victory in the FA Cup in 1974 Bill Shankly hung up his own boots and retired saying, “I was only in the game for the love of football”.

Bob’s your uncle and Fagan’s your aunt.

Close friend and able assistant to Shankly, Bob Paisley was another member of what became the famous ‘boot room’ at Anfield. The close knit community, which echoed around the city, made Paisley’s reign as prosperous as his predecessor’s. In Paisley’s second year in the hot-seat, Liverpool won the league title and the UEFA cup again. In the following year there were more trophies to come to Anfield and none shinier than the European Cup, when they beat Borussia Monchengladbach again to become champions of Europe.

Paisley was Liverpool manager for nine seasons and bagged the Reds a staggering 21 pieces of silverware. This would only be beaten by Sir Alex Ferguson at Manchester United during the nineties. When Paisley felt his time was up he repeated Shankly’s methods of passing the throne to his assistant Joe Fagan, who had been with Liverpool for most of his life.

Joe Fagan took over at the start of the 1983/84 season at the age of 63 and would become the first English manager to win his club ‘the treble’, which consisted of the League title, the domestic League Cup and the European Cup. Fagan achieved all this in only his first season as boss. The eighties would be the defining period for Liverpool’s domination of the game. To name a few of the key players in the side at the time, would include the captain Alan Hansen, who joined Liverpool in 1977 and would lead the defensive quartet throughout the entire eighties, Scottish wonder kid Kenny Dalglish, who would score some of the most important goals for the club, John Barnes, who was one of the first black players to play in England, and another key signing and goal scorer, Ian Rush.

Disasters

1985 saw Liverpool reach yet another European Cup Final but this one would be famous for more than the football. Tragedy struck the Heysel Stadium in Belgium when the game against Italian club Juventus ended in a war between the two sets of fans and the eventual loss of 39 lives. Before kick-off, the partition fence between the fans was broken (reportedly by Liverpool fans) and the crumbling wall that divided them collapsed, crushing dozens of Italians underneath it.

Although the game went ahead (Liverpool lost 1-0) the result would be more than a trophy. Liverpool were banned from competing in European competitions for six years, along with any other English club for five years. Fourteen Liverpool fans were convicted of manslaughter following the tragedy.

When Joe Fagan resigned as manager in 1985, ex-player and Merseyside hero, Kenny Dalglish, took over as manager and won them three league titles and two FA Cups, but in April 1989 another fatal disaster would result in a huge shake-up in the way the game was viewed.

It was a very busy day at Hillsborough in Sheffield. It was the FA Cup semi-final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest. There was a large crowd of Liverpool fans trying to get into the turnstiles on the Leppings Lane entrance, where inside the ground there was already more than the full capacity already standing. When the crowds reached much larger proportions, the stewards opened another entrance which prompted thousands to rush through the gates and push into the ground. This sudden rush of people led to domino-pushing all along the stand and eventually to the fatal crushing of the fans at the front of the stand who had no way of moving beyond the huge metal fences that stood between them and pitch.

In total 96 people died in the disaster and it led to a complete overview of football ground designs, in what was called The Taylor Report. The report concluded that the metal fences that were there to stop hooligans walking and throwing things onto the pitch, but that at Hillsborough killed so many people, would be removed and all the top flight stadiums would also have to be all-seater stadiums.

Let’s forget the nineties

Another Scottish manager took over at Liverpool in 1991: Graham Souness. Souness was part of the conquering Liverpool team during the eighties with Dalglish and was therefore a strong contender to repeat the close-knit methods for success, but sadly this wouldn’t be the case. Although Souness won Liverpool the FA Cup in his first season in charge, he would eventually drag the Reds through their worst league run for many years, dropping them well out of the top four and far from any trophies, especially in Europe.

There were disputes in the boot-room, as Souness felt many of the old boys playing ought to be side-lined in favour of the promising new Mersey talent such as Robbie Fowler and Steve McManaman. He might have been right but he wasn’t popular for it. To make matters worse, there was an incident where an interview with Souness was published in The Sun newspaper which showed him happy at the team’s win the day before. Unfortunately the article went out on the day of the third anniversary of the Hillsborough disaster. Souness looked in dire straits and in 1994 another boot-room boy, Roy Evans, took over as manager.

Liverpool had some good players in the likes of Fowler, McManaman, David James and the ageing but still reliable Ian Rush. The problem was that all the other teams in the league, namely Manchester United, Tottenham and Arsenal, were looking much more potent. Evans wouldn’t prove experienced or dramatic enough for Liverpool’s high hopes. He was liked, but he wasn’t a success, and in his four years in charge, Liverpool only won the League Cup in 1995.

What followed was an unlikely but necessary foreign invasion of Merseyside. In 1998 the French coach Gerard Houillier came to sit next to Roy Evans to assist him. The dynamic didn’t work so Evans left and Houillier took over as top-dog.

Le / El Boot Room

For many years the dialogue in the Liverpool dressing room had been conducted in Scouse (or sometimes Scottish-Scouse) but at the dawn of the new decade, Liverpool would return to being serious European players and would look to Europe itself for men to lead them there. Under the proven success of the Frenchman Gerrard Houillier, Liverpool would have their best season for years in 2001. They finished the season with their hands on the FA Cup, the League Cup and the UEFA Cup. Despite all the new foreign players though, they were still bringing together some exciting English players such as Michael Owen, Steven Gerrard and Jamie Carragher.

In 2002 they finished second, which was the highest they had done since Dalglish was in charge. But there was trouble at the top for Houillier and he was suffering heart problems. He underwent major heart surgery in 2002, amazingly returned to Anfield in 2003 to clinch the League Cup, but wouldn’t make it with Liverpool beyond 2004. Houillier agreed to stand down and be replaced by the Spanish master tactician Rafael Benitez.

Benitez brought with him one key word and that was experience. He boasted great managerial success with Real Madrid and Valencia so his arrival was eagerly anticipated on Merseyside. He didn’t disappoint. Although in the Premier League that year his new look continental team finished fifth, in European competitions his experience shone. In the most dramatic Champions League Final of all time, Liverpool (led by their prize possession, captain and goal scorer Steven Gerrard) came from three goals behind in Istanbul to beat AC Milan in a penalty shoot out. They were finally champions of Europe once again.

Under Benitez in 2006 they beat West Ham Utd in another very dramatic cup final, where Steven Gerrard scored another paramount goal for his home team in the dying minutes. In 2007 they finished runners up in the Champions League final, where AC Milan got their revenge.

Much like all of the top English teams now, Liverpool weren’t an exception when it came to overseas investment on the million pound scale. In Feb 2007, US moguls George Gillett and Tom Hicks paid £470 million for the Reds. A new stadium is also being planned that will see their capacity go from around 40,000 to 80,000, which is a reflection of the plans Liverpool have for the future.

Their rivals (Everton and Man United) cannot help but admire them and their fans cannot help but adore them. Liverpool have been at the forefront of the English game for the last fifty years and provided some of the best football Europe has ever seen. Their list of world-class players has been countless but they have also always prided themselves with nurturing and including young Scouse lads who are Red until they die. Although there is now a Spanish twang in the boot room, the Liverpudlian history stills echoes around the ground every week. They have survived the disasters and have always bounced back. They continue to ‘walk on with hope in their hearts and never walk alone’.


Domestic Honours

  • League

Winners: 1900-01, 1905-06, 1921-22, 1922-23, 1946-47, 1963-64, 1965-66, 1972-73, 1975-76, 1976-77, 1978-79, 1979-80, 1981-82, 1982-83, 1983-84, 1985-86, 1987-88, 1989-90
Runners-up: 1898-89, 1909-10, 1968-69, 1973-74, 1974-75, 1977-78, 1984-85, 1986-87, 1988-89, 2001-02

  • Division Two

Winners: 1893-94, 1895-96, 1904-05, 1961-62

  • Lancashire League

Winners: 1892-93

Cups

  • FA Cup

Winners: 1965, 1974, 1986, 1989, 1992, 2001, 2006
Runners-up: 1914, 1950, 1971, 1977, 1988, 1996

  • League Cup

Winners: 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1995, 2001, 2003
Runners-up: 1978, 1987, 2005

  • Community Shield

Winners:1964 (shared), 1965 (shared), 1966, 1974, 1976, 1977 (shared), 1979, 1980, 1982, 1986 (shared), 1988, 1989, 1990 (shared), 2001, 2006
Runners-up: 1922, 1971, 1983, 1984, 1992, 2002

  • Screen Sport Super Cup

Winners: 1986

European

  • European Cup and UEFA Champions League

Winners: 1977, 1978, 1981, 1984, 2005
Runners-up (2): 1985, 2007

  • UEFA Cup

Winners (3): 1973, 1976, 2001

  • UEFA Super Cup

Winners: 1977, 2001, 2005
Runners-up: 1978, 1984

  • UEFA Cup Winners’ Cup

Runners-up: 1966